New PDF release: A Computational Phonology of Russian

By Peter A. Chew

ISBN-10: 1581121784

ISBN-13: 9781581121780

This dissertation offers a coherent, synchronic, broad-coverage, generative phonology of Russian. I try out the grammar empirically in a couple of how one can ascertain its goodness of healthy to Russian. In taking this technique, I goal to prevent making untested (or even incoherent) generalizations in response to just a handful of examples. typically, the assessments exhibit that there are exceptions to the speculation, yet at the very least we all know what the exceptions are, a baseline is determined opposed to which destiny theories will be measured, and quite often the proportion of outstanding situations is diminished to less than 5%. The crucial theoretical results of the paintings are as follows. First, I express that every one of the phonological or morphophonological approaches reviewed could be defined by way of a grammar not more robust than context-free. Secondly, i take advantage of probabilistic constraints within the syllable constitution grammar to give an explanation for why constraints on word-marginal onsets and codas are weaker than on word-internal onsets and codas. I argue that the positive aspects [+/- preliminary] and [+/- final], and extraprosodicity, are pointless for this function.

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G. 1 below). Table 4 also shows how each of the examples can then be related to existing initial and final clusters within 42 Table 3. Once this has been done, there is effectively no need for the middle column in Table 3. Table 4. Reanalysis of morpheme-medial clusters using syllable structure Example from Table 3 Reanalysis after syllabification {ka . str,’ul,} {v,ir . bl,’ud} {’a . sp,id} {al . m’az} {baj . b’ak} {u . tr’ob} {jAr . l’ik} {a . b,i . zj’an} {bu . rj’an} Initial CCR, cf. {skr,ip} Final R, initial CR, cf.

Table 2. Analysis of words in on-line corpus Category Head-words or inflected forms In Oliverius (1976) In theorem dump Non-nouns Nouns Nouns Nouns Head-words Head-words Head-words Inflected forms    -   Number of words Total 1,525 132 835 8,798 11,290 Regrettably, the on-line corpus of 11,290 word-forms does not include any inflected forms for non-nouns, which means that the results presented in this dissertation will have greatest weight in their applicability to nouns. But it would not be fair to say that this dissertation is limited in its scope to nouns, because, as can be seen from Table 2, the number of non-nouns is great enough that statistically significant results can still be achieved.

57 that A stands for a diffuse vowel is obviously an error). First, if every consonant is associated with one or another syllable, then we need no longer consider ‘medial’ clusters, those represented in the second column of Table 3. These clusters will either become syllable-initial or will split so that the first part of the cluster is syllable-final, and the rest of the cluster is syllable-initial (within the following syllable). g. 1 below). Table 4 also shows how each of the examples can then be related to existing initial and final clusters within 42 Table 3.

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A Computational Phonology of Russian by Peter A. Chew

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