New PDF release: A Grammar of Tamashek Tuareg

By Jeffrey Heath

ISBN-10: 3110184842

ISBN-13: 9783110184846

This can be a accomplished description of Tamashek Tuareg spoken in Mali. The kinds coated during this quantity are these of Tamashek within the slender feel, with the exception of Tawellemett yet together with the opposite Malian forms (Goundam, Timbuktu, Gao, Ansongo, Kidal, and the Gourma quarter south of the Niger River together with Gosi and the outskirts of Hombori).

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Example text

I use the symbol "as" for short a, and " a " for full (long) a. For Niger Tamajak, L T F 2 used " ä " and " a , " respectively. For Mali, D N 8 6 uses " a " and " a " . My choice is designed to make the two symbols more clearly distinct. e. ), which are generally not used by the other authors. 2 Vowels before backing and lowering consonants (BLC's) The consonants {r q υ χ ? h}, all pharyngealized alveolars {d 11 s z}, and to some extent h, hereafter "backing and lowering consonants" (abbreviation: BLC's), have the effect of lowering preceding high full V's and of backing and lowering short V's.

G. FeSg -t, 3MaPl object clitic -t, or any of the pronominal clitics beginning in k). 1 for more detail. In these cases, the effect is a bidirectional feature assimilation whereby the t or k adopts the uvular position of the Y while the latter adopts a voiceless stop articulation. g. DA2Y Yussast 'in August', often pronounced [dajqiu'J'iaet]. Another recurring combination is a verb ending in lSgS -3ΪΥ followed by particle Yds 'only'. While /YY/ is regularly realized as qq, there are hints that ungeminated q may be on the way to becoming a phoneme distinct from Y.

Passive of causative) are very common. Each such derived verb has its own full set of stems of type (12), as well as participles and a VblN. ]. 6 Simple main clauses 17 pronominal complement. A clitic boundary is represented as -\ instead of just the hyphen -, and instead of = (not available in my phonetic font). When both subject and object are expressed by nouns, the subject noun precedes the object noun. ' A subject or object noun (but not both) can form an accentual phrase with a preceding verb.

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A Grammar of Tamashek Tuareg by Jeffrey Heath

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