By Guillermo Lora
This booklet is an abridgement and translation of Guillermo Lora's five-volume background. It bargains with the strengthening and radicalisation of Bolivia's organised labour circulation, which culminated within the drastic progressive alterations of the Fifties. the 1st part deals a reinterpretation of Bolivian historical past within the century previous the revolution, seen from the viewpoint of the operating type. the second one part discusses in additional element the foremost political occasions and doctrinal problems with a interval during which the writer, as secretary of the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario, himself often performed an lively half. regardless of the novel upheaval that happened within the fifties and the mobilisation of large sectors of the inhabitants round such radical goals as direct estate seizures, union-nominated ministers and union, army and employee keep an eye on, the labour stream used to be not able to take care of its conquests within the Sixties. The concluding chapters describe the interval of renewed army repression and the continued efforts of the labour circulation to withstand.
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Extra resources for A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971
The same applied to any fines that the guild imposed. These funds were to be used for mutual aid and various social purposes: 'Firstly, to assist any master who is ill, provided that his illness is not the result of his vices or excesses, and that he lacks the means to purchase medicines. Such aid will last until he recovers. Secondly, in the case of death, to pay the expenses of a modest, decent funeral. ' In order to give these regulations the full stamp of legality, it was necessary to obtain the authorisation of the Police Intendant, who was empowered to ensure the compulsory collection of fines from those who had infringed the rules.
So 'whenever masters have urgent reasons for leaving the workshop, they must leave someone to represent them, to maintain order among the journeymen and to attend to any customers who arrive' (Article 10). Absenteeism on the part of the journeymen was expressly forbidden and penalties were laid down for those who failed to come to work: a fine of two reales on the 23 Artisans and protection under Belzu first occasion and 'in the case of repeated offences, the senior master may order his arrest for a period not exceeding eight days'.
Arce and the War of the Pacific As Vice-President of Bolivia Arce was in a difficult position when war broke out with Chile in 1879. Naturally he has been accused of collusion with the Chileans. It is said, for example, that, taking advantage of his position as the government delegate in the south of the country, he took part in intrigues which ran against the government's war plans: 'In exercising his duties, he showed either a decided intention to destroy the armed units of the area or else sheer incompetence.
A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 by Guillermo Lora