Martin Glassner's Access to the Sea for Developing Land-Locked States PDF

By Martin Glassner

ISBN-10: 9024750229

ISBN-13: 9789024750221

ISBN-10: 9401511764

ISBN-13: 9789401511766

This examine is an outgrowth of an curiosity within the query of entry to the ocean built through the writer in the course of a ten-month sojourn in the course of 1962 and 1963 as American Vice Consul in Antofagasta, Chile. in this interval he had the chance to go to Peru 3 times and Bolivia two times. This adventure, supplemented by means of learn in lots of libraries in big apple, Washington and California and by means of interviews, records and different reference fabrics, ended in an in depth learn of Bolivia's crusade for an outlet to the ocean. 1 the current learn has drawn a few fabric from the sooner one, yet is such an complicated enlargement of it that it may good be thought of a unconditionally new attempt. the hassle was once made as the challenge of entry to the ocean has turn into extra serious because the moment global battle because the emphasis on alternate and financial improvement has grown whereas whilst many new land-locked states have been being born. There have, furthermore, been extra threatened and real interferences with loose transit in this interval than through the previous part century and extra. an intensive exam of the topic appeared so as, then, as an reduction to an figuring out of the issues concerned and as a advisor to destiny makes an attempt to unravel them. as well as a normal survey of the query, 3 case reviews were integrated either as illustrations of lots of those difficulties and as particular occasions wherein to check proposed solutions.

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Extra info for Access to the Sea for Developing Land-Locked States

Sample text

This is reflected in the Convention. The Convention reveals stronger insistence on conditions, provisos and escape clauses, compared with such instruments as the Barcelona Statute 1921 or the GATT 1948 - to say nothing of the 1874 Berne Postal Congress which created the great liberal transit system of the Universal Postal Union. 4. The New Convention deals with transit, not only to and from, but also through land-locked States. It has various noticeable and beneficial features. It amply protects countries when acting as transit States.

T 10· I '" H "' E .... 4· MAP 2 ... , . •••••••• -........ " -...... NCIPAI. BOUNDARY HIGHWAY PROVINCIAL INTERNATIONAL BOUN 'DARY AFGHANISTAN . ,OHI. ,.. ,> 42 AFGHANISTAN northern flanks of the Hindu Kush and near Herat turns northward to form part of the border with Iran. Finally, the Kabul River flows south then east out of the Hindu Kush to empty into the Indus in Pakistan, some 300 miles away. Below Jalalabad the Kabul flows through a deep gorge so that overland traffic must use the higher Khyber Pass through the mountains.

In the first place, the State claiming the right of transit must be able to justify it by reference to considerations of necessity or convenience. Secondly, the exercise of the right must be such as to cause no harm or prejudice to the transit State. 23 He concludes his essay by noting the widely held belief that the League Covenant, the Barcelona Convention and similar instruments, while recognizing the principle of free transit, in fact create only an obligation on the part of a coastal state (in the case of land-locked states) "to negotiate for and conclude upon reasonable terms a transit agreement when the circumstances.

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Access to the Sea for Developing Land-Locked States by Martin Glassner

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